David Wark Griffith (1875­­-1948)
Director and producer DWG was born 23.01.1875 in Kentucky, USA. He is seen as the first notable film director, the man who invented Hollywood. DWG began his career as an actor in local theatre troupes (1895-1899) and travelling theatres of New York (1899-1906).
In 1907, having goals for becoming a successful
playwright, he started writing scripts for Edison Company un Biograph Pictures. At Biograph, he started out as scriptwriter and director (1908-1913). He discoverd several novelties in film - fade-in, fade-out effect, long shot, close-up, flashback, as well as rehearsals prior to shooting. His second film Birth of a Nation (1915) can well bear the title of a major turning point in development of film and an anthology of film technologies. In 1919, alongside with Charles Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford, he encorporated a joint venture United Artists, and, among others, completed films Hearts of the World (1918), Broken Blossoms (1918), Way Down East (1920), Orphans of the Storm (1922). D.W.Griffith's film Life Wonderful (1924) is taken for one of his most substantial works. In 1930, DWG completes his first talkie - Abraham Lincoln, which is followed by The Struggle (1931), but due to the rapid growth of popular culture, he soon puts an end to his film-career.
DWG has received the honorary Oscar (1936), as well as the Directors Guild of America award (1938) for his life-long contribution to cinema.