Eduard Tisse (1897-1961)
Cinematographer ET was born 13.04.1897 in Liepāja. In 1914, after having graduated from a private painting and photography studio in Liepāja, he began his career in film. ET started as a newsreel cameraman and a war correspondent during the Russian Civil War (1916-1918), worked at the All-Russian Film Committee (since 1918) where he made newsreels about events of the Russian Civil War, documentaries and popular science films. In the period of 1918-1924, he filmed the Bolshevik party leader Vladimir Ulyanov Lenin repetedly. In 1918, together with the legendary
hot-spot reporter John Dored, ET made his first feature Signal; in 1920's ET made several author films. He was a long-term cinematographer of Sergei Eisenstein films, one of the founders of the Soviet film art. Eduard Tisse filmed Sergei Eisenstein's films Strike (1925), The Battleship "Potemkin" (1925), October (1927), The General Line (1929), Alexander Nevsky (1938), a.o.
At the Locarno FF (1946), he was awarded in the category of the Best Cinematography for Sergei Eisenstein's film Ivan the Terrible (1945, 1958 - part 1) in which he collaborated with Andrei Moskvin, and filmed exterior scenes.
In the period 1929-1932, Eduard Tisse went abroad in order to perfect his knowledge in sound engineering, and worked on the unfinished Sergei Eisenstein films ¡Que viva Mexico! (1931) and Bezhin Meadow (1935-1937). He also did the cinematography for the films Victorious Return (1947, Riga Film Studio) and Meeting on the Elbe (1949). In 1956, he made his debut as a director with the film The Immortal Garrison (1956).
ET contributed to development of cinematography theory, worked as a lecturer at VGIK (since 1921), since 1943 - professor. Received the USSR State Prize (1946, 1949, 1950). In Latvia, Mikhail Piarn made a documentary about ET - Eduard Tisse (1970).
Eduard Tisse died 18.11.1961, in Moscow.