Swedish film director, born 14.07.1918 in Uppsala, Sweden. Graduated from Stockholm University College, where he studied art and literature (1941). In 1940's, IB was a director at several municipality theatres, the Malmö city theatre (1952-1960) and the Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm (1963-1966). He made his debut in film directing with the film Crisis (1946). IB has directed psychologically analytic feature films, which now make an integral part of the classic film art: Smiles of a Summer Night (1955, awarded at Cannes IFF), The Seventh Seal (1957, awarded at Berlin IFF and Venice IFF), Wild Strawberries (1957, awarded at Berlin IFF and Venice IFF), The Virgin Spring
(1960, received the Academy Award and an award at Cannes IFF), Through a Glass Darkly (1961, received the Academy Award and an award at Berlin IFF), Cries and Whispers (1973, received the Academy Award and an award at Cannes IFF), Scenes from a Marriage (1973), Fanny and Alexander (1982, received the Academy Award), the total of about 40 feature films. Author of the script of his own, as well as other directors' films (including Liv Ullmann's Faithless, 2000). For many years, IB refused the offer of working abroad yet in 1976, after the tax evasion incident, he moved to Germany and became director of the Residenz Theatre of Munich. Six years later, IB returned in Sweden and kept on the intense work writing scripts and preparing TV productions. Deceased 03.07.2007.