Kira Muratova (Кира Муратова, 1934)
Director and scriptwriter, born 5.11.1934 in Soroca village, Bessarabia, Moldova.
Studied philology at the Moscow State University. Graduated from the VGIK                 
Department of Directing (1959, S.Gerasimov and T.Makarova workshops). Since 1961, film director at the Odessa Film Studio. Made debut in directing with her husband Alexandr Muratov in 1962, completing a short film On the Steep Cliff, which was followed by the feature-length film Our Honest Bread (1964, author of the script of the both). Yet KM regards only her independently made films as her own, starting with Brief Encounters (1967). Because of the Soviet censorship, her film A Long Goodbye (1971) appeared on screens only in 1987. Actress Zinaida Sharko (in the role of Yevgeniya Vasilyevna) became the trademark of the 1980's - a woman on the verge of a nervous break-down. Apart from the abovementioned, other KM films have been often a subject of censorship. In KM films, outstanding actor performances were presented by Vladimir Vysotsky, Nina Ruslanova, Sergei Makovecky, Renata Litvinova. KM films have been awarded at film festivals in Moscow, Wiesbaden, Locarno, she has received the Silver Bear at the Berlin IFF (1990) for the film The Asthenic Syndrome (1989), a.o. KM has been a member of the Venice IFF jury (1990). KM films have been included in the programs of eight Arsenāls IFF (1988-1994, 2000-2004, 2008).