The Lumière brothers are believed to be the earliest filmmakers and beinners of the film history, owing to their invention - the cinématographe.
Auguste Marie Lumière was born 19.10.1862, Louis Jean Lumière - 5.10.1864, both in Besançon, France. They studied in Lyon and later worked at their father's Charles Antoine Lumière (1840-1911) photographic firm. Louis was physicist, Auguste Marie - manager, and he kept his position later, when they both were making and screening their films.
December 28, 1895 was considered the day when the cinematograph was born - it was at Salon Indien du Grand Café in Paris, when the brothers first made a public screening of their moving pictures, including their first film - Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory / Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon. The historic presentation consisted of 10 short films, each 17 metres long (which, when hand cranked through a projector, runs approximately 46 seconds). What regards the film Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat Station / L'Arrivée d' un Train en Gare de la Ciotat (1895), descriptions have remained, that the train on the screen has coused panic among the viewers.
It is believed that the Lumière brothers used Léon Bouly's device - the cinématographe - which was a three-in-one device that could record, develop, and project motion pictures, since the real inventor of the camera was not able to cover the yearly patent fee.
The moving images of the Lumière brothers had such a great impact on the popular culture that soon their films were screened in the biggest cities of Europe and the USA, and also in Riga (October 29, 1896 - whether at the Salamonsky Circus, or in some building located on the Kaļķu Street). Influence The Lumière brothers had on development of cinema was signifficant, yet temporary, since they considered their invention final and without any far-reaching future.