Luis Buñuel Portolés (1900-1983)
Founder of surrealistic cinema, born 22.02.1900 in Calanda, province of Teruel in Aragon, Spain. At the age of 6, entered a Jesuit college. Studied at the University of Madrid (1917), moved to Paris in 1924, where he met a group of surrealists and started publishing articles about cinema. Found work as a director's assistant to Jean Epstein on        
three films, last of them - La Chute de la maison Usher (1928). Soon he wrote a script to his debut film Un chien andalou (1928, with Salvador Dalí). The surrealist tradition is continued in his film L’Age d’or (1930) and the documentary Las Hurdes, tierra sin pan (1932). Screening of these films was prohibited, and LB earned his living by film synchronization.
Due to the Spanish Civil War, he emigrated to the USA (1939) and worked at the Museum of Modern Art, NY and at the Warner Brothers Studio. In 1946, he moved to Mexico, proceeded with making films and received awards at the Cannes IFF for his films Los Olvidados (1950), El Angel exterminador (1962), a.o. In Spain he made film Viridiana (1961), which was instantly prohibited by the Franko regime, yet awarded with Palme d'Or at the Cannes IFF. LB continues working in France, making films Belle de jour (1967, The Golden Lion at the Venice FF) and Tristana (1970, starring Catherine Deneuve), receiving a number of prizes including two Academy Award Oscars for films Le Charme discret de la bourgeoisie (1972) and Cet obscur objet du desir (1977). In 1982, together with Jean-Claude Carrière he completes his book My Last Sigh. He dies 29.07.1983 in Mexico, leaving 32 films for the film history.