Mikhail Shveytser (Михаил Швейцер, 1920-2000)
Director, born 16.03.1920 in Perm, Russia. Graduate of the VGIK Department of Film Directing, Sergei Eisenstein's workshop (1943). First independent work - Glorious Path (1949), an experimantal work consigned to 3 young directors. At the time of struggle against          
cosmopolitism, dismissed from Mosfilm, then, by Michael Romm, offered the position of documentary film director in the Sverdlovsk Film Studio. It was only at the time of Khrushchev's Thaw, when he returned to fiction with the film Other People's Relatives (1956). After the censorship-tortured film Sasha Enters Life (1957, author's version The Tight Knot comes on screen only in 1989), MS decides not to work with contemporary material anymore, and turns to adaptations of litereary work - Leo Tolstoy's Resurrection (1960) and later Kreutzer Sonata (1987), Valentin Katayev's Time, Forward! (1966), Ilf and Petrov's The Little Golden Calf (1968), Anton Chekhov's Karousel (1970) and Funny People (1978), epic works Little Tragedies (1980, after A.Pushkin) and Dead Souls (1984, after N.Gogol), a.o. Several film swere made together with his wife Sofia Milkina.
People's Artist of the USSR (1977), USSR State Prize laureate (1977), Special Prize For Creativity at the Kinotavr Festival (1992, for the film How's Life, Crucians?), Laureate of the Golden Aries Prize (1995), received the Russian Academy of Cinema Arts and Sciences Nika Award in the category Honour and Dignity (1999).
Died 02.06.2000 in Moscow.