Indian Bengali filmmaker, scriptwriter and composer, first Indian director to receive the Oscar Academy Award. Born 02.05.1921 in Calcutta. SR studied at Ballygunge Government High School, Calcutta, and then completed his B.A. in economics at Presidency College, Kolkata, and turned to fine arts. In 1947, along with his friends, SR founded the Calcutta Film Society. In 1949, he made the acquaintance with the French director Jean Renoir, and went to work for an advertising agency in London (1950).
Vittorio De Sica's Bicycle Thieves (1948) had a profound impact on him, and determined him to make a realistic film, different form the Indian production of the time. Within the following 5 years SR was working at his first film Pather Panchali (1955, screened at the Arsenāls IFF in 1992), premierd at the New York Museum of Modern Art. The film gained immense popularity in India, received the Jury Award at the Cannes IFF (1956), as well as 12 prestigious awards at different festivals. SR quit from advertising, and made his next film The Unvanquished (1956, Golden Lion at the Venice IFF, a.o. awards). The trilogy is concluded by The World of Apu (1959). Until 1981, SR makes a full-length fiction film every year, but in the last decade of his life, due to his heart failure - only three films. SR was also the scriptwriter and composer to his films, since 1961 wrote novels and stories. Shortly before his death, SR was awarded the Honorary Award Oscar.
Deceased 23.04.1992. In the retrospective program of the Arsenāls IFF '92, 7 Satyajit Ray's films were screened.