Son of the architect Mikhail Eisenstein was born 10.(23.)01.1898, in Riga.
Studied at the Riga Secondary School. In 1916, went to his mother in St. Petersburg to study at the Institute of Civil Engineering. During the October Revolution, with his fellow students, SE joined the military to serve the revolution. In 1918, he joined the Red Army where he
made posters and put on propaganda plays. In 1920, SE was transferred to a command position in Minsk, where he studied Japanese. However, SE never became an interpreter, he took a fancy to left ideas, became close friends with Vladimir Mayakovsky and publiched manifest The Montage of Attractions (1923). He makes his first film Strike (1924), which is soon followed by the world famous The Battleship "Potemkin" (1925). In 1927, October makes the foundation for his theory of intellectual method of montage. In 1929, SE goes to Europe in order to deliver lectures and master the possibilities of sound film. In 1930, he is invited to Hollywood by the Paramount Studio, yet the scripts written over the period of 2 years never make it to production. SE starts his work at the epopee Que viva Mexico!, but the Soviet government makes him return in Moscow. Yet he is not allowed to work, and the making of Bezhin Meadow (1937) is discontinued. SE receives State Prize for the film Alexander Nevsky (1938) and makes the first part of his next historic film Ivan The Terrible (1944), he is not allowed to complete Part 2 due to ideologic reasons.
Sergei Eisenstein's heart stops 11.02.1948, but his drawings, autobiography in 2 volumes and hundreds of theoretic works remain.