Film director AT was born 4.04.1932 in the village of Zavrazhye on the Volga river. His father was poet Arseny Tarkovsky (1907-1989). AT studied Arabic at the Oriental Institute in Moscow, and worked as geologist (1952-53). Graduated from the State Institute of Cinematography (VGIK), Mikhail Romm workshop (1960). His student films included shorts The Killers (1953) and Concentrate (1959), and diploma film The Steamroller and the Violin (1960, first prize at the New York Student Film Festival).
AT first full-length feature was Ivan's Childhood (1962, Golden Lion at Venice FF, and more
than 15 other awards). His film Andrei Rublev (1966, presented at the Cannes FF in 1969 and won the FIPRESCI prize, included in the top 100 films of the world in 1978) was only released on the USSR screens in 1973. AT other films - Solaris (1972, an adaptation of the novel by Stanisław Lem) and The Mirror (1974) - were also received rather adversively by Soviet critics. AT directed Hamlet, his first and only stage play (1976, Lenkom Theatre in Moscow) and opera Boris Godunov (1983, Covent Garden in London), wrote scripts and acted in films. Stalker (1979, awarded in Cannes, Triest, Madrid) was the last film AT completed in the Soviet Union. In 1982, AT completed his film Nostalghia (three awards at Cannes FF). AT completed his last film The Sacrifice in Sweden (1986, three awards at Cannes FF, a.o.). Deceased 29.12.1986.
In 1989 the Andrei Tarkovsky Memorial Prize was established. Since 1993, the Moscow IFF awards the annual AT Award.
Films Der Himmel über Berlin (1987, Wim Wenders) and Ashik Kerib (1988, Sergei Parajanov) were dedicated to Andrei Tarkovsky.